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Article about European regulation and mitigation of risk in fracking
A 2012 HSE report about the incidence of occupational cancer by industry and substance
Part of a case study from Geology students at Montana State University
An article about which concludes that despite public health concerns surrounding fracking , no public health expertise was on any advisory committee
“The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) identified exposure to airborne
silica as a health hazard to workers conducting some hydraulic fracturing operations during recent
“Editor’s note: Sandra Steingraber is an acclaimed ecologist and author who explores the links between human rights and the environment, with a focus on chemical contamination. Sandra is actively working to ban hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, across the United States, with a focus in New York and Pennsylvania. She has written extensively about the subject and has graciously allowed us to paraphrase and excerpt from her writing for this piece.”
An article about the impact of fracking on farmland and the food chain.
” This article presents an overview of the Marcellus Shale gas well drilling project in northeast Pennsylvania and serves as a model for how nurses can evaluate such problems in their own communities. Resources to help nurses become involved in the environmental health advocacy process are made available”
“The shale gas (and oil) boom enabled by horizontal hydraulic fracturing has been accompanied by increasing reports of health problems attributed to pollution from oil and gas development.
The relationship between expanding development and health problems is hotly disputed—and is the focus of this research project.”
A reminder of how the traffic light system for earthquakes was set up.
Ewing Sarcoma has been mentioned in some fracking articles .
“Sarcomas account for over 20% of all pediatric solid malignant cancers and less than 1% of all adult solid malignant cancers. The vast majority of diagnosed sarcomas will be soft tissue sarcomas, while malignant bone tumors make up just over 10% of sarcomas. The risks for sarcoma are not well-understood. We evaluated the existing literature on the epidemiology and etiology of sarcoma. Risks for sarcoma development can be divided into environmental exposures, genetic susceptibility, and an interaction between the two. HIV-positive individuals are at an increased risk for Kaposi’s sarcoma, even though HHV8 is the causative virus. Radiation exposure from radiotherapy has been strongly associated with secondary sarcoma development in certain cancer patients. In fact, the risk of malignant bone tumors increases as the cumulative dose of radiation to the bone increases (p for trend <0.001). A recent meta-analysis reported that children with a history of hernias have a greater risk of developing Ewing’s sarcoma (adjusted OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.9, 5.7). Bone development during pubertal growth spurts has been associated with osteosarcoma development.
Occupational factors such as job type, industry, and exposures to chemicals such as herbicides and chlorophenols have been suggested as risk factors for sarcomas. A case-control study found a significant increase in soft tissue sarcoma risk among gardeners (adjusted OR 4.1, 95% CI 1.00, 14.00), but not among those strictly involved in farming. A European-based study reported an increased risk in bone tumors among blacksmiths, toolmakers, or machine-tool operators (adjusted OR 2.14, 95% CI 1.08, 4.26).
Maternal and paternal characteristics such as occupation, age, smoking status, and health conditions experienced during pregnancy also have been suggested as sarcoma risk factors and would be important to assess in future studies.
The limited studies we identified demonstrate significant relationships with sarcoma risk, but many of these results
now require further validation on larger populations. Furthermore, little is known about the biologic mechanisms
behind each epidemiologic association assessed in the literature. Future molecular epidemiology studies may
increase our understanding of the genetic versus environmental contributions to tumorigenesis in this often deadly
cancer in children and adults.”